Ant phylogeny

Open Access and the Biodiversity Knowledge Commons will conclude the course on "Ant Biology" at the Unviversity in Bern, Switzerland.

Scientific work includes the understanding of the underlying processes. An important part is the ability to question results, and eventually to reproduce them. This is what is taught parallel to the introduction to biology of ants. The focus will thus be to animate the students to actually go to the cited references and study by themselves. But it is more, the students should learn to go beyond the article, in the best case learn how to reproduce a study, especially if it is a phylogenetic study. This will in most cases hardly achievable without training. However, looking up single DNA sequences or type material is certainly doable.

This infrastructure is at the current moment only available, because few scientists spend a huge amount of their time to build it up, free work to the community. To ultimately convince students to participate in this process, the ant infrastructure will be described and on an example explained how this information is being entered into the system.

The tables below are summaries of the fate of all the scientific articles that have been used for the lectures.


article citation DOI Suppl. Mat. Open Access Access Cost BLR Other
Baroni Urbani, C.; Bolton, B.; Ward, P.S. 1992. The internal phylogeny of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 17: 301-329. 10.1111/j.1365-3113.1992.tb00553.x   N USD 38 Y  
Brady, S. G.; Schultz, T. R.; Fisher, B. L.; Ward, P. S. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103:18172-18177. 10.1073/pnas.0605858103   Y n/a Y N
Brady, S. G.; Fisher, B. L.; Schultz, T. R.; Ward, P. S. 2014. The rise of army ants and their relatives: diversification of specialized predatory doryline ants. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2014 14:93, 14 pp. 10.1186/1471-2148-14-93   Y n/a N  
Brothers, D.J 1999. Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea). Zoologica Scripta 28(1-2):233-250 10.1046/j.1463-6409.1999.00003.x   N USD 38 Y N
Brothers, D.J; Carpenter, J.M. 1993. Phylogeny of Aculeata: Chrysidoidea and Vespoidea (Hymenoptera). J. Hym. Res. 2(1): 227-304. 10.5281/zenodo.17378 N Y n/a Y IR
Brown, William L. jr. 1954. Remarks on the internal phylogeny and subfamily classification of the family Formicidae. Insectes Sociaux 30: 21-31. 10.1007/BF02223148   N USD39.95 Y
Carpenter, J.M.; Wheeler, W.M. 1999. Towards simultaneous analysis of morphological and molecular data in Hymenoptera. Zoologica Scripta 28(1-2): 251-260. 10.1046/j.1463-6409.1999.00009.x N N USD 38 Y IR
Crozier, R. 2006. Charting uncertainty about ant origins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(48):18029-19030. 10.1073/pnas.0608880103 N Y n/a N  
Danforth, B.N. 2013. Social Insects: Are ants just wingless bees?. Current Biology 23(22):pR1011–R1012 10.1016/j.cub.2013.10.026   Y n/a Y N
Debevec, AH., Cardinal, S & Danforth, BN. (2012). Identifying the sister group to the bees: a molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea. —Zoologica Scripta, 41, 527–535. 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00549.x   N USD 38 Y IR
Faircloth et al., 2015. Target enrichment of ultraconserved elements from arthropods provides a genomic perspective on relationships among Hymenoptera. Molecular Ecology Resources, 15: 489-501. 10.1111/1755-0998.12328   Y n/a N  
Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D. 2000. A formicine in New Jersey Cretaceous amber (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and early evolution of the ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97:13678-13683. 10.1073/pnas.240452097   Y n/a N  
Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. American Museum Novitates 3208:1-43. handle_2246/3615   Y n/a N N
Grimaldi, D.; Engel, M. S. 2005. Evolution of the insects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, xv + 755 pp. N N N USD190 N DA
Keller, R. A. 2011. A phylogenetic analysis of ant morphology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with special reference to the poneromorph subfamilies. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 355:1-90. handle_2246/6124   Y n/a N DA
Keller, R.A.; Peeters, C.; Beldade, P. 2014. Evolution of thorax architecture in ant castes highlights trade-off between flight and ground behaviors. eLIFE 2014;3:e01539 10.7554/eLife.01539   Y n/a N N
LaPolla, J.S.; Dlussky, G.M.; Perrichot, V. 2013. Ants in the fossil record. Annual Review of Entomology 58:609-30 10.1146/annurev-ento-120710-100600   N USD32 Y DA
Moreau, C.S.; Bell, C.D.; Vila, R.; Archibald, S.B.; Pierce, N.E. 2006. Phylogeny of the ants: Diversification in the age of angiosperms. Science 312:101-104. 10.1126/science.1124891 Y Y n/a N IR
Pilgrim, E.M.; von Dohlen, C.D.; Pitts, J.P. 2008. Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies. Zoologica Scripta 37: 539-560. 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x N N USD 38.00 Y    
Schmidt, Chris 2013. Molecular phylogenetics of ponerine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Zootaxa 3647(2): 201-250. 10.11646/zootaxa.3647.2.1 N N unknown Y  
Schmidt, C. A.; Shattuck, S. O. 2014. The Higher Classification of the Ant Subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a Review of Ponerine Ecology and Behavior. Zootaxa 3817(1):1-242. 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1   N unknown Y N  
Ward, Philip S. 2007. Phylogeny, classification, and species-level taxonomy of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). In: Zhang, Z.-Q. & Shear, W.A. (Eds) (2007) Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa: 1668, 1–766, pp 549-563. Zootaxa   Y n/a N  
Ward, P.S. 2014. The phylogeny and evolution of ants. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 45:23-43. 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-120213-091824   N USD31.00 Y DA
Ward, P.S.; Brady, S.G. 2003. Phylogeny and biogeography of the ant subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 361-386. 10.1071/is02046   Y n/a N  
Ward, P.S.; Brady, S.G.; Fisher, B. L.; Schultz, T. R. 2015. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 40:61-81. 10.1111/syen.12090 Y Y n/a N DA
Total 84% DOI; 8% Handle   44% OA   52% on BLR 36% Repos